Appalachian Mountains

The Appalachian Mountains, also known as the Appalachians, are a range of mountains located in the eastern United States. Spanning over 1,500 miles, these majestic mountains are a prominent feature of the region’s landscape. With their natural beauty, rich biodiversity, and historical significance, the Appalachians are an essential part of American culture and heritage.

Appalachian Mountains


The Appalachian Mountains run from Newfoundland, Canada, to Alabama, in the southeastern United States. The range covers 12 states, including Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania, Maryland, West Virginia, Virginia, Tennessee, North Carolina, Georgia, and Alabama. Covering a vast area, these mountains have diverse topography, including valleys, plateaus, and peaks. The highest point in the Appalachians is Mount Mitchell in North Carolina, standing at an impressive 6,684 feet.

Formation and Age

The Appalachians were formed over 480 million years ago during the formation of the supercontinent Pangea. They are a result of the collision of three continents – North America, Africa, and Europe. This collision caused intense pressure, which resulted in the formation of these mountains. Over millions of years, the movements of tectonic plates and erosion have shaped the mountains into their current form.


The Appalachian Mountains are known for their rich and diverse plant and animal life. The vast range of elevation, climate, and habitats in these mountains supports over 400 species of trees, making it one of the most diverse forests in the world. The Appalachians are also home to more than 250 species of birds, including the iconic bald eagle. In addition, various mammals, such as black bears, white-tailed deer, and bobcats, call these mountains their home. The Appalachians also have a high concentration of rare and endangered species, making it a critical area for conservation efforts.

Outdoor Recreation

The Appalachian Mountains offer endless opportunities for outdoor enthusiasts. With its vast land area, these mountains are perfect for activities such as hiking, camping, fishing, and skiing. One of the most popular activities in the Appalachian region is hiking on the Appalachian Trail, a nearly 2,200-mile trail that runs from Georgia to Maine. The trail attracts millions of hikers each year, seeking to experience the beauty and challenges of the Appalachian Mountains.

Culture and History

The Appalachian Mountains have a rich cultural history, with a diverse mix of Native American, European, and African influences. The mountain communities have passed down traditions such as music, dance, and food through generations, creating a unique Appalachian culture. The region also played a significant role in the American Civil War, with many historic battlefields and landmarks located within the mountains.

Challenges and Conservation Efforts

Despite their natural beauty and importance, the Appalachian Mountains face various challenges. Deforestation, development, and mining are some of the significant threats to these mountains. These activities disrupt the delicate balance of the ecosystem, endangering the abundant wildlife and diverse plant life. To protect and preserve the Appalachian Mountains, conservation efforts have been made by organizations such as the Appalachian Trail Conservancy and The Nature Conservancy. These organizations work to maintain the natural resources and promote sustainable practices within the Appalachian region.

Appalachia Mountains Map

Appalachian Mountains Map

More about Appalanchian Mounatain

How long does the Appalanchian Trail Take

The Appalachian Trail, often called the “A.T.”, is a 2,190-mile hiking trail that runs from Georgia to Maine. It takes approximately 5-7 months for a hiker to complete the entire trail, with the average being around 6 months. The time it takes to complete the trail depends on various factors like the hiker’s physical fitness, pace, and weather conditions.

The Appalachian Trail is divided into 14 states, with each state offering its own unique landscapes and challenges. The southern section, which starts in Georgia, is known for its steep climbs and rocky terrain. Hikers also have to navigate through dense forests and cross streams and rivers in this section. The middle section, which covers North Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia, is known for its challenging elevation changes, steep ascents, and exposed ridges. The northern section, starting from Pennsylvania, is known for its rugged terrain, rocky ridges, and high elevations.

Hikers on the Appalachian Trail also have to consider various factors that can impact the length of their journey. Weather conditions, such as extreme heat, heavy rain, or unexpected snowstorms, can slow down a hiker’s pace and add more time to their journey. Injuries or illnesses can also delay a hiker’s progress, and they may need to take breaks or even leave the trail for medical attention.

It is essential for hikers to plan and prepare before embarking on a journey on the Appalachian Trail. This can include physical training, acquiring necessary gear, and studying the trail’s terrain and weather conditions for their desired time frame. Many hikers aim to complete the trail within a specific time frame to beat the record of the fastest known time (FKT).

The Appalachian Trail offers not just a physical challenge, but also a mental and emotional one for hikers. It takes determination, perseverance, and resilience to complete the trail. Hikers often develop a sense of camaraderie and community on the trail, forming bonds with fellow hikers and trail volunteers.

Appalanchian Mountain compared to Kilimanjaro

The Appalachian Mountains and Mount Kilimanjaro are two of the most iconic mountain ranges in the world. While both offer stunning landscapes and challenging terrain, there are significant differences between the two.

Height and Location:

The Appalachian Mountains stretch over 1,500 miles and have a maximum elevation of 6,684 feet. In comparison, Mount Kilimanjaro is the tallest mountain in Africa, standing at 19,341 feet. While the Appalachians are spread over 12 states in the eastern United States, Kilimanjaro is located in Tanzania.


The Appalachians were formed over 480 million years ago during the formation of the supercontinent Pangea. They are primarily composed of sedimentary rocks, which have been shaped by tectonic movements and erosion. In contrast, Mount Kilimanjaro is a dormant volcano formed from volcanic activity. It is made up of three volcanic cones and has a snow-capped peak due to its high elevation.


Due to its location near the equator, Mount Kilimanjaro experiences a tropical climate, with temperatures ranging from 20-25 degrees Celsius. The Appalachian Mountains have a temperate climate, with temperatures varying widely depending on the elevation and season. In the southern section, temperatures can reach as high as 35 degrees Celsius in the summer, while in the northern section, temperatures can drop below freezing in the winter.

Hiking and Outdoor Activities:

Both the Appalachian Mountains and Mount Kilimanjaro offer a range of outdoor activities, including hiking, camping, and wildlife viewing. However, the level of difficulty and terrain in these activities differs significantly. The Appalachian Trail offers a challenge to hikers with its steep ascents and rocky terrain, but it does not require technical training or equipment. On the other hand, climbing Mount Kilimanjaro does not require technical skills but involves high-altitude climbing and may require acclimatization to avoid altitude sickness. You also need physical fitness  and proper gear to safely summit the peak.

Another significant difference between these two mountain ranges is their cultural and historical significance. The Appalachians have a rich cultural history, influenced by Native American, European, and African traditions. In contrast, Mount Kilimanjaro is a holy mountain for the Chagga people of Tanzania and holds spiritual significance. It is also a popular destination for adventure-seekers and has a long history of climbers attempting to reach its peak.

In conclusion, while both the Appalachian Mountains and Mount Kilimanjaro are renowned for their natural beauty and offer opportunities for adventure, they are unique in their geology, climate, and cultural significance. Whether hiking on the Appalachian Trail or climbing Mount Kilimanjaro, these mountains offer incredible experiences for all outdoor enthusiasts.

Considerations for Women Climbing Kilimanjaro

You’ve trained for months and you’re feeling fit and ready to hit Kilimanjaro. Congratulations! You’re about to embark on the trip of a lifetime.

But then it dawns on you – how are you supposed to go to the bathroom while trekking in the freezing cold? And, horror of horrors, what happens if you get your period halfway up the mountain?

Women climbing Kilimanjaro will require just a wee bit of extra planning (pun intended!). In this guide we’ll go over how to pee while trekking, what to do if you get your period on Kilimanjaro, how to pack for the Kilimanjaro trek, and safety considerations for women climbing Kilimanjaro, especially if you’re booking as a solo traveller.

Bathroom Breaks

Thanks to the invention of the female urination device (popularly known as the she-wee), women are no longer at such a disadvantage when it comes to peeing in inopportune places.

You’ll see many different interpretations on the market, but the basic idea is the same: a funnel-type device that you can pee into without making a mess or needing to squat. Not only does this save you from embarrassment, it also saves you from getting up close and personal with the toilet tent.

Find the design that works best for you, keeping in mind the requirements for a multi-day trek. You’ll want one that’s discreet, portable, lightweight and easy to use. That means no splashing! It’s a good idea to practise using your female urination device in the shower before leaving for your trip, as there can be a bit of a learning curve.

Unfortunately, multi-day hikes are an excellent time to cultivate yeast infections and UTIs, so don’t forget to bring toilet paper or a reusable piece of cloth. In keeping with Leave No Trace principles, these should also be carted along with you until you can dispose of them responsibly, off the mountain.

Make sure you bring plenty of hand sanitizer and use it both before and after you go to the bathroom to maintain proper hygiene. This will go a long way towards avoiding any infections.

And remember, just because you’re doing it guy-style doesn’t mean you’re immune to wind and slopes! Give a bit of thought to where you’re weeing, and also try to avoid going near potential drinking sources like a stream or river.

How to Deal with Your Period While Trekking

If you’re dreading getting your period on your trek to Kilimanjaro, you’re not alone. Blood and cramps are hard enough to deal with at sea level – doing it at altitude on a mixed-gender trek can seem like mission impossible!

Some girls successfully skip their periods using birth control pills or IUDs. But altitude and travelling can do funny things to your period, making it come when you least expect it. As a rule of thumb, we recommend planning for your trek as if you were going to get your period, just in case. Plus, it’s nice to have supplies to share in case another sister is caught unawares.


Plastic bags are banned in Tanzania, so if you use pads or tampons, you’ll have to bring along a reusable dry bag to store them in until they can be disposed of at the end of the trek. Many hikers swear by menstrual cups. These are environmentally friendly and more convenient, as they don’t require lugging along a bag of used sanitary products for the rest of the trek.

Hand sanitizer and (biodegradable) wet wipes are a lifesaver, as are panty liners for lighter days. Hiking during your period can lead to dehydration, especially when combined with the effects of altitude and altitude pills, so be sure to drink enough water.

Any woman trekker you ask will have their own period hack, but most of us only fine-tune these after a few disasters. So, just in case? Consider bringing along a pair of black leggings to hide any stains.

Pills and pregnancy

If you rely on ibuprofen or other medications to help with cramps, check with your doctor to see if these are safe to take at altitude and in conjunction with other pills such as Diamox.

While birth control pills don’t seem to have any adverse effects on altitude acclimatization, iron deficiency can mess with you, so it’s worth getting checked out before you go, especially if a close female relative has a history of anemia.

If you’re pregnant and considering climbing Kilimanjaro, definitely check with your doctor first. There are a number of unknown factors due to a lack of studies on the effects of short-term altitude exposure to the mother and the developing fetus.

Clothing and Personal Care Items

Our packing list covers most of the essential items for your trip to Kilimanjaro, but there are several additional considerations for women.

Comfortable, moisture-wicking underwear and a supportive sports bra are a must for your trek to Kilimanjaro. As with your other base layers, try to avoid cotton when choosing a sports bra and underwear. Cotton traps moisture and makes it hard for your body to regulate heat properly.

Since it’s so impractical to maintain a beauty regime during a strenuous hike with limited access to water, most people just adapt to a more natural look, swapping lipstick for SPF lip balm. If you do have specific needs, try being flexible with products – choosing dry shampoo, moisturizing sunscreen, or other products that are tailored to trekking.

Is it Safe for Women to Climb Kilimanjaro Alone?

Plenty of solo women have joined a group trek up Kilimanjaro with no problems at all. You can choose to pay a single supplement to bunk by yourself, or agree to be paired up with another trekker from the group.

If it makes you feel more comfortable, feel free to reach out to us beforehand and ask if you can join a tour that has another solo woman, so you can share a tent and hotel room. You may also be able to request a tour with a female guide or porter, which has the added advantage of empowering local women.

We may also be able to provide contact information for solo female travellers who have hiked with us before. They can share their experiences and answer questions to help set your mind at ease.

At Climbing Kilimanjaro we pride ourselves on our excellent trekking crews, whom we hold to the highest standards. Despite our efforts, if anything should happen to make you feel uncomfortable on your trip, we encourage you to reach out to your guide, a porter, a ranger or a fellow trekker.

When staying in Moshi or Arusha, be careful and avoid going out on your own after dark. These towns are generally safe in the daytime, especially when accompanied by another person, but it’s always better to err on the side of caution at night.

with a group. You can also do a solo climb whether you are highly experienced or if you are new to high-altitude trekking.

If you want a quiet adventure up the mountain with maximum flexibility, climbing solo is probably the right fit for you.

Ready to Climb Kilimanjaro Solo?

Contact us today and let us know which dates and route you want to do for your private climb. We can get it all set up for you and prepare you to summit the tallest mountain in Africa!

Can You Climb Kilimanjaro Solo?

The short answer is, yes! You can climb Kilimanjaro solo. However, you will always need a guide as per the rules outlined by the Kilimanjaro National Park authorities. Most companies and tour operators also require that you have a few porters to carry your things.

Porters will also carry supplies you need while going up the mountain including food, your tent, and a portable toilet.

So, while you won’t be truly alone, you can still climb the mountain solo if you choose not to join a group.


Our Client with our Mountain crew on a Private Kilimanjaro Solo hike.

Private Climbs Up Kilimanjaro

Here at Climbing Kilimanjaro, we offer private climbs up Kilimanjaro. Private climbs are for those who don’t want to join a group.

When you sign up for a private climb, you will be the only climber but you still still have a guide and a few porters to take you up the mountain.

If you have a few friends or family members who want to climb but everyone doesn’t want to join a larger group, we can also create a private climb for your small group.

You are able to choose your own dates making private climbs extremely flexible.

Why Climb Kilimanjaro Solo?

There are many reasons people may choose to climb Kilimanjaro solo:

  • The chance to walk at their own pace rather than being stressed about keeping up with a group
  • More control of their experience
  • More time to connect to nature and the scenery around you
  • A better opportunity to talk to the guides and porters and get to know them
  • Stop to take more photos and videos
  • More opportunities for self-discovery
  • Chance to choose your own dates that fit with your time off work or other personal duties

Some solo climbers also find private climbs more peaceful since they get the chance to experience Kilimanjaro in a quieter environment.

Are There Any Drawbacks to Climbing Kilimanjaro Solo?

Climbing Kilimanjaro solo has many positive benefits that many climbers find valuable. However, there are a few drawbacks to consider if you’re thinking about coming to Tanzania to climb Kilimanjaro solo.

The main disadvantage is the cost. Private climbs are more expensive because you are not joining a group which can help to offset the cost of climbing.

With a private climb, you also have less of a support system because there are no other climbers who can encourage you when the climb starts to get tough.

Our Kilimanjaro guides and porters will still be there for you to ensure you can reach the summit. They know certain parts of the climb are tougher than others which is why they check on all climbers to ensure they are doing well both physically and mentally.

Don’t be surprised if they also encourage you with songs in both English and Swahili with motivating lyrics.

Why Do Solo Climbers Need a Guide?

Many people are surprised to hear that they cannot climb Kilimanjaro without a guide. While this might seem annoying if you’re an experienced climber, it’s for your own safety.

Even experienced and fully trained climbers sometimes experience altitude sickness. Being on the mountain alone while sick is extremely dangerous which is why guides are required.

Using a guide during a solo climb also has many other benefits:

  • Help you to secure climbing permits from Kilimanjaro National Park
  • Help you to follow the Leave No Trace rules of the mountain
  • Ensure you get to the proper campsite and have all the supplies you need for the climb like tents, sleeping pads, food, and water
  • Register you with the proper authorities to ensure you are allowed to climb the mountain and have all the proper paperwork in order

Is it Safe to Climb Kilimanjaro Solo?

As long as you have a guide, as per the rules of Kilimanjaro National Park, climbing Kilimanjaro solo is very safe. Your guide will ensure you are always on the right path. They can also help you if you happen to fall sick or have another emergency.

How Long Does It Take to Climb Kilimanjaro Solo?

All routes up the mountain have different durations. Solo climbs can be from 6-9 days depending on your route and your pace.

Should I Climb Kilimanjaro Solo?

Anyone can climb Kilimanjaro solo! All Kilimanjaro routes can also be climbed solo so you’re free to choose whatever dates are convenient for you as well as which route you want to do.

Climbing Kilimanjaro solo requires the same amount of training as going with a group. You can also do a solo climb whether you are highly experienced or if you are new to high-altitude trekking.

If you want a quiet adventure up the mountain with maximum flexibility, climbing solo is probably the right fit for you.

Ready to Climb Kilimanjaro Solo?

Contact us today and let us know which dates and route you want to do for your private climb. We can get it all set up for you and prepare you to summit the tallest mountain in Africa!

Dangerous Animals on Kilimanjaro

Since you’ll be out in the wild for 6-9 days while climbing Kilimanjaro, depending on your chosen route, some people are worried they might run into dangerous animals.

The good news is that Kilimanjaro doesn’t really have many dangerous animals, even though there is plenty of wildlife. While Kilimanjaro National Park is home to lions and other dangerous animals, these species cannot live on Kilimanjaro because of the high altitude and different terrains.

As you get further and further up the mountain, you will even begin to notice that there isn’t any wildlife. Most animals have a hard time surviving in the barren and cold terrain at the top of the mountain.

Does Kilimanjaro Have Many Animals?

There are many different animals on Kilimanjaro, but most of them live in the lower regions where the weather is still mild.

Most animals like to hang out on the slopes of the mountain as well as at the foothills where there is more of a rainforest climate. This part of the mountain has more food and water available.

You will also see more Kilimanjaro plants here because they have a good environment to grow where there is plenty of water.

Are There Snakes on Kilimanjaro?

Along with wondering if there are dangerous animals on the mountain, many people are curious to know if there are snakes on Kilimanjaro. There are a few different species of snakes that can be found on the mountain, but most of them do not harm climbers.

Of more than one hundred different species of snakes on Kilimanjaro, only five of them are poisonous. They only live in the low regions of the mountain. In general, the snakes are shy and will not approach people unless they feel threatened.

If you see a snake, never approach it or try to touch it. Even if you think it might not be venomous, never try to touch a snake you see on the mountain.

Our Kilimanjaro guides are well-trained regarding the snakes and wildlife on Kilimanjaro. If they see a poisonous snake, they will let you know and they will ensure it doesn’t harm you or cross your path.

Poisonous Snakes on Kilimanjaro

As mentioned above, there are 5 different species of poisonous snakes on Kilimanjaro. Here is a little bit about each of them.

Green Mamba

Green Mambas are venomous and are a huge snake with females being more than 2 meters long. They have very long fangs and can even rotate their mouths. They can bite from many different angles making them a very dangerous snake.

Even though they are poisonous, they are very shy. They rarely approach people unless they feel threatened so they shouldn’t be an issue to as you are climbing.

Eastern Vine Snake

Bites from these snakes are really rare as they are scared of any animal that is larger than them. However, their bites are very dangerous as they can quickly destroy red blood cells.

They prefer to be high up in trees but can be on the ground if they are looking for prey. They are usually grey and brown with some markings along their body.

Brown Forest Cobra

These snakes can be up to 2.8 meters long, but they can also be much smaller. They are usually black or brown with white colored stomachs. They are one of the only snakes that can live in many different terrains. They can also climb trees and swim.

These snakes are shy and they often give a warning hiss before they strike. If you see one of them standing tall and hissing, move away from the area as quickly as possible.


As with most snakes on Kilimanjaro, these snakes will only bite if you try to approach them or handle them. They can rotate their mouths 170 degrees when they try to bite someone. Male Boomslangs are black or blue and female Bloomslangs are usually brown.

They have very good eyesight and usually hang out in trees where they can strike their prey from above.

Puff Adder

This snake is one of the best snakes for camouflaging itself, especially in brown terrain that is found throughout the mountain. They only reach about 110 cm which is small compared to some of the other snakes on this list, but their body is heavier and more solid.

Will I Get Bit By a Snake on Kilimanjaro?

Most likely, no. Especially if you are following the advice of the guides and not going off the designated path.

Most snakes on Kilimanjaro do not attack or bite humans unless they are provoked. This is why we advise you to never pick up or approach a snake even if you are sure they are not poisonous.

If you see a snake on the path, make sure to let the guide know so they can warn the others.

Encountering snakes, especially poisonous ones on the mountain, is rare. Knowing about the snakes is important though so you can be aware of what is around you and avoid danger.

Other Wildlife on Kilimanjaro

The good news is that there is plenty of wildlife on Kilimanjaro that is not dangerous. Some say that leopards even live in the rainforest regions of the mountain but sightings are rare so don’t get your hopes up.

Buffalo can also be spotted on the Rongai route. While each route has a little bit different wildlife, there are some animals that are easily spotted on all areas of the mountain.

The animals you are most likely to encounter include:

Blue Monkeys: You’ll see many of these if you are climbing the Lemosho route especially as you are in the rainforest zone.
Colobus Monkeys: These monkeys are known for their unusual black and white color. Their tails are about two feet long and they can be seen up in the trees in the rainforest portion of the climb.
Bush babies. It’s not unusual to see these creatures leaping from tree to tree. They are nocturnal though, so seeing them during the daytime is rare.
Jackson’s Chameleon. Like most chameleons, these animals can change color to blend in with their surroundings. They also change color as a response to certain emotions or changes in light.

Ready to See the Animals on Kilimanjaro For Yourself?

Even though many animals and critters call Kilimanjaro home, very few are dangerous. This means you can enjoy your climb and not be afraid of the wildlife around you.

If you’re ready to book your climb and see Kilimanjaro wildlife, fill out our contact form and we will be in touch with you!

Things to do in Marangu

Marangu, in northern Tanzania, is a picturesque small village at the foot of Mount Kilimanjaro. It is the starting point for climbing this world-renowned mountain. Marangu is an old town which was once an important trading post of bananas during the colonial era.

The word “Marangu” means a place with too many water streams. When you visit this area you will know because there are streams everywhere and that’s one of the reasons the Chagga people decide to settle there. It is one of the most popular places in Tanzania.

The town has a rich history and culture that can be explored through its cultural attractions. There are also exciting outdoor activities to be had in Marangu. Whether it’s discovering the secrets of Marangu’s local culture, embarking on a scenic farm or wildlife tour, climbing Mount Kilimanjaro or , doing there are plenty of things to do in Marangu that will suffice for all kinds of travellers.

1. Hike to the Maundi Crater

Among the most popular activities in Marangu, besides of course reaching the peak of Mount Kilimanjaro, is the hike up to the Maundi crater. The trail, starting at Marangu Gate, is relatively easy and leads hikers through verdant forests where you get great panoramic views of the surrounding areas along the way. The Maundi crater is a small but striking volcanic crater at the base of Mawenzi which also provides an interesting perspective on Kibo and, depending on the time of the year, the landscape underneath covered in green vegetation or snow. This hike also represents an incredible opportunity to spot some local Kilimanjaro wildlife, and you can see several herds of colobus monkeys, plenty of birds and the occasional gerenuks or antelopes.

2. Visit the Chagga Cultural Heritage

Marangu is named after the Chagga tribe, who make a third largest ethnic group in Tanzania. A worthwhile stop if you have the time is the Chagga Cultural Heritage Centre. There you can learn about the Chagga people’s traditional ways of life, and take part in the rituals and customs of this Bantu ethnic group. A highlight is the showcasing of a Chagga house, prepared for visitors, where one can eat Chagga food and participate in cultural activities.

3. Explore the Marangu Falls – Kinukamori

Near Marangu, you can visit Marangu Falls, a short stroll, lasting between half an hour and an hour, from Marangu town. Built in the first half of the 20th century, the falls are divided into two main drops and have a total height of about 40 metres. The lower paths run through the tropical forest, and, at the falls, one can swim in a natural pool.

4. Visit the Marangu Coffee Tour

Tanzania is one of the countries in the world that produce exellent quality of coffee beans; one of the coffee plantations In Marangu which is famous coffee tour site in Tanzania is ‘Marangu coffee Tour’. Visitors can learn about how the cofee is grown, harvested and roasted, taste different kinds of Marangu coffee and buy some as a souvenir.

5. Ndoro Waterfalls

A second undiscovered gem near Marangu is the Ndoro Waterfalls. This low-key attraction makes virtually no effort to woo tourists away from the roadside. But for those who do make the effort, it’s a pocket of nature lover’s paradise with pools of turquoise water and cooling gushing waterfalls. Tourists can swim in the pools, hike up to the top of the falls for photos and views, or simply take a backseat and relax.

6. Mount Kilimanjaro National Park

You must go to Mount Kilimanjaro National Park when you are in Marangu. You don’t have to climb the mountain to visit it, go for a day hike into the park. Walk through beautiful teak forest and spot some animals like colubus monkeys.

7. Kilasia Waterfall:

A 30 or 40 minutes’ drive will take us to Marangu town, near the Marangu gate, from where we will start our hike.  We will be walking on a small path road thru beautiful forest, which will take us to Kilasia water fall. On the way you will see the inter cropping of bananas, coffee, beans and corn.


Marangu village is not only a cultural hub, but a beautiful one with lots to admire. So, regardless you are an adventure traveller, a culture fanatic or a nature lover, there is a lot for you in and around Marangu. So, if you are planning a trip to Tanzania here are top things to do in Marangu.

How many hours a day to climb Kilimanjaro?

Climbing Kilimanjaro is a challenge that many outdoor enthusiasts dream of taking on. Located in Tanzania, this majestic mountain stands at 19,341 feet tall and offers breathtaking views and a thrilling trek to the summit. However, with such an immense ascent, one question that comes to many people’s minds is: how many hours a day should I plan to climb Kilimanjaro?

The answer to this question can vary depending on the route chosen, the individual’s physical ability, and the pace of the group. In this article, we will break down the time it takes to trek Kilimanjaro and offer some suggestions on how to plan your days on the mountain.

Choosing the Right Route

There are seven official routes to trek Kilimanjaro, each varying in length and difficulty. The most popular route is the Machame Route, which typically takes seven to eight days to complete. Other routes such as the Marangu Route and the Northern Circuit Route can take up to nine days.

The length of your route will ultimately determine the number of hours you will spend trekking each day. It is crucial to take into consideration the level of difficulty of each route and choose one that aligns with your fitness level.

Physical Preparation

Trekking Kilimanjaro requires a high level of physical fitness. While there is no one-size-fits-all answer to how many hours a day you should climb, it is essential to have a daily physical training regimen leading up to your trip.

It is recommended to engage in cardiovascular exercise such as hiking, cycling, or running at least three to four times a week, building up to longer sessions as your trip approaches. Strength training and working on your core and leg muscles will also help prepare you for the steep uphill climbs.

The Pace of the Group

Once you have chosen your route and prepared physically, the pace of your group is another factor that will affect the number of hours you spend climbing each day. If you are traveling with a tour group, the pace will typically be set by your guide, who will also take into consideration the abilities of other group members.

It is essential to communicate with your guide and plan for breaks if needed. Factors such as altitude and weather may also affect the pace, so it is important to be flexible and listen to your body and your guide’s advice.

Kilimanjaro Average Hours of Trekking per Day

Based on an average of seven to eight-day routes, climbers usually spend five to eight hours trekking each day to reach the summit. Some days may have shorter trekking durations, while days nearing the summit can take longer.

It is essential to remember that each person’s physical fitness and abilities differ, and rest days are essential to prevent exhaustion and altitude sickness. Rest days can also help acclimatize to the high altitude and give your body a chance to recover.

Tips for a Successful Summit

To make the most of your Kilimanjaro trek and reach the summit successfully, here are some additional tips to consider:

1. Train well before your trip to build up your endurance and strength.

2. Take breaks when needed and listen to your guide’s advice.

3. Stay hydrated and eat nutritious meals to keep your energy levels up.

4. Pack light and only bring essentials to avoid unnecessary strain on your body.

5. Have a positive attitude and remember to enjoy the journey.

In conclusion, deciding how many hours a day to climb Kilimanjaro depends on various factors such as route choice, physical abilities, and group pace. It is crucial to plan and prepare accordingly to ensure a successful and enjoyable trek to the summit of this magnificent mountain. With the right mindset, physical training, and the right route, you can conquer Kilimanjaro and create unforgettable memories.

Tanzania Safari Packing List

When preparing for a Tanzania Safari, packing can be a daunting task. You want to make sure you have everything you need without overpacking and taking up valuable space. Here is a general packing list to help you prepare for your safari adventure: If your also planning to climb Kilimanjaro here is a Kilimanjaro Packing List link

1. Pack lightly.
Leave room for gifts and souvenirs. Remember to pack in a soft-sided luggage as it is easier to pack into the safari vehicle.

2. Keep your important documents on hand.
Always carry your passport, airline tickets, and money with you. Use a fanny pack or moneybag that hangs around your neck for easy access.

3. Pack essentials in your carry-on luggage.
In case your luggage is delayed, it’s important to have enough essentials with you. This includes a change of clothes, toiletries, and any important documents.

4. Check weight restrictions.
If you are taking a domestic flight, be aware of the weight restrictions for luggage. These can vary depending on the airline, but commonly the carry-on luggage can be up to 20kg (44lb) per person and hand luggage up to 6kg (13lb) per person.

5. Choose your footwear wisely.
Make sure to pack sturdy, comfortable shoes that are preferably waterproof. You will be doing a lot of walking and these shoes may get dirty. Also, pack a pair of flip-flops or sandals for lounging in the evening.

6. Pack appropriate clothing.
Depending on the season and activities included in your safari, here are some general clothing suggestions:

– Shorts, preferably mid-thigh or longer (not recommended for village visits)
– Lightweight, breathable pants
– Casual and comfortable clothing, such as short-sleeved shirts or tank tops (in neutral colors like khaki, brown, olive, or green)
– A bathing suit if you plan on staying in a lodge with a pool or visiting Zanzibar
– A warm fleece or sweater for cooler evenings or mornings
– For the cold season (June – August), pack a heavy sweater, warm gloves, a knit hat, and a scarf
– A rain jacket or poncho, lightweight jacket, or windbreaker
– Pyjamas
– A sun hat or bandana
– A scarf for dust and sun protection

Specific clothing recommendations for women:
– Long-sleeved shirts or blouses
– Pants that cover the knees (capri-length or longer is ideal) and shirts that cover the shoulders are recommended for village visits
– Lightweight dresses or skirts that cover the knees can also be worn for evening dining at accommodations

Specific clothing recommendations for men:
– Short-sleeved shirts with collars (for visiting villages or evening dining)
– T-shirts or light tops

Remember to keep valuable jewelry to a minimum.

7. Take advantage of laundry services.
Most lodges offer laundry services, either for a nominal fee or for free. This can help you save space in your luggage and minimize the amount of clothing you need to bring.

8. Consider your baggage.
Here are some important baggage items to include:
– A day pack for carrying essentials during activities
– A large, waterproof duffel bag or backpack for your main luggage

9. Don’t forget your toiletries.
Here are some suggested toiletries to bring:
– A small towel
– A roll of toilet paper (some public restrooms may not provide it)
– Soap
– A toothbrush and toothpaste
– Waterless anti-bacterial gel, handi-wipes, and Kleenex
– Lotion
– Glasses, contacts, and solution
– A comb and mirror
– Shampoo (choose one without a heavy fragrance)
– Unscented deodorant (avoid using cologne or perfume, as it may attract bees or other insects)
– Zip lock bags for toiletries and small trash bags

10. Essential documents:
Make sure to have these important documents with you at all times:
– Your passport (with a visa stamp or completed visa application and $50 or $100 US cash, exact change may be required)
– Your plane tickets
– Your safari itinerary
– Emergency contact details
– A yellow fever certificate (REQUIRED if you are traveling from or through an endemic country)
– Medical and travel insurance
– An address book

11. Prepare a first aid kit:
Be prepared for any unexpected situations by packing a first aid kit with the following essentials:
– Aspirin
– Anti-malarial pills
– Cold and allergy medicine
– Cream for itches and rashes (e.g. Benadryl itch relief stick)
– Band-aids
– Stomach ache medicine (e.g. Pepto-Bismol)
– Ibuprofen
– Antiseptic ointment (e.g. Neosporin)
– Multi-vitamins
– Diarrhea medicine (e.g. Imodium)
– Prescription antibiotics effective against a broad range of bacteria, including travelers’ diarrhea
– Insect repellent
– Antihistamines
– Lip balm and sunscreen (SPF 15+)
– Bandages and tape
– Prescription medications (if applicable)

12. Other items to consider:
– Maps and guidebooks
– Batteries
– Sunglasses
– Binoculars
– Cash (small Tanzanian bills and/or small US bills for small purchases and tips, and larger US bills and/or traveler’s checks for bigger purchases)
– A journal or notebook, a pencil, and a pen
– A pocket knife
– A UK plug adapter and transformer/voltage converter (if applicable)
– Energy bars and snacks
– A headlamp or small flashlight
– Playing cards, games, and reading material
– A camera, film, extra batteries and charger, memory cards, and a mini-tripod
– A personal music device
– A travel pillow.


Packing for a safari can seem overwhelming, but with this general packing list, you can be prepared for your adventure without overpacking. Remember to pack lightly, keep important documents on hand, and bring appropriate clothing for the season and activities. Also, be sure to pack your toiletries, first aid kit, and other essential items. This will ensure that you have a comfortable and enjoyable safari experience. Safe travels!

Is Kilimanjaro Taller Than Denali?

In the world of mountaineering, there are many impressive peaks that attract adventurous climbers. Two of the most famous and challenging peaks are Mount Kilimanjaro and Denali. Both of these mountains have captured the imagination of people around the world and have become popular destinations for those seeking to conquer them. But the question remains – which one is taller? In this article, we will delve into the heights of these two mountains and explore their unique features.

Overview of Kilimanjaro

Located in Tanzania, Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest peak in Africa, standing at a staggering 19,341 feet (5,895 meters) above sea level. It is a dormant volcano that has three volcanic cones – Kibo, Mawenzi, and Shira. The mountain is part of the Kilimanjaro National Park, which was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987. Kilimanjaro is a popular destination for climbers due to its beautiful landscape and relatively easy accessibility.

Features of Kilimanjaro

The first cone, Kibo, is where the highest point of Kilimanjaro is located. It is a dormant volcano that last erupted around 360,000 years ago. It has a crater at its summit, which measures about 0.6 miles (1 km) in diameter. The next cone, Mawenzi, is the other peak and is also referred to as the “saddle peak” due to its shape. The third and smallest cone, Shira, is the oldest and has been mostly eroded, leaving behind a plateau of about 12,795 feet (3,900 meters) in height.

Overview of Denali

Located in the state of Alaska in the United States, Denali is the highest peak in North America, standing at 20,310 feet (6,190 meters) above sea level. It is the centerpiece of Denali National Park and Preserve, which was established in 1917 and has more than 6 million acres of land. Denali, also known as Mount McKinley, is a popular destination for climbers due to its challenging terrain and remote location.

Features of Denali

Denali is part of the Alaska Range of mountains and is a massive peak with a prominence of 20,156 feet (6,144 meters), making it the third most prominent mountain in the world. It is a stratovolcano that has five glaciers – Kahiltna, Ruth, Muldrow, Traleika, and Eldridge – and a vertical relief of 18,000 feet (5,500 meters). The highest point of Denali is located on its North Peak, which stands at 19,470 feet (5,934 meters).

Is Kilimanjaro taller than Denali?

In terms of height, Denali is taller than Kilimanjaro by 1,969 feet (608 meters). However, it is essential to mention that the elevation of Denali starts from a higher base, as its base height is at a higher elevation than Kilimanjaro. This gives Denali a higher vertical relief than Kilimanjaro. Additionally, Denali is considered a more challenging climb than Kilimanjaro due to its harsh weather conditions and remote location.


In conclusion, while Denali is taller than Kilimanjaro, both mountains offer unique challenges and experiences for climbers. Kilimanjaro is known for its accessibility and beautiful landscape, making it a popular destination for climbers of all levels. Denali, on the other hand, is a more challenging climb that requires technical skills and proper acclimatization. Ultimately, both mountains deserve recognition for their impressive heights and have carved their place in the mountaineering world.

Summit Sunrise on Mount Kilimanjaro

Mount Kilimanjaro, situated in Tanzania, is the highest peak in Africa with a summit elevation of 5,895 meters above sea level. It is a dormant volcano and a popular trekking destination for adventure-seekers around the world.

Among the different experiences that the mountain offers, summiting at sunrise is undoubtedly the most beautiful and cherished one. The breathtaking view of the sunrise from the top of Mount Kilimanjaro is a once-in-a-lifetime experience that should not be missed. In this article, we will discuss the experience of summiting at sunrise at Mount Kilimanjaro and the necessary preparations for it.


Preparations for the summit

Summiting at sunrise is considered the most challenging part of the Mount Kilimanjaro trek. It requires physical stamina, mental determination, and proper preparation. Before attempting to summit at sunrise, it is essential to have a good night’s rest at the last base camp located at Barafu Hut, situated at an altitude of 4,673 meters. A good night’s sleep is crucial to conserve energy and prepare the body for the strenuous climb ahead.

The night before the summit, trekkers are advised to have an early dinner and go to bed by 7 pm. This will give them enough rest before waking up in the early hours of the morning for the summit. It is also essential to ensure that all the necessary equipment, including warm clothes, headlamp, and hiking poles, are readily available and in good condition.

The Kilimanjaro summit climb

The Kilimanjaro summit climb begins around midnight, and the first stretch is a steep and rocky trail that leads to the crater rim. The trail is well-marked with rocks and has a steep incline, which requires a considerable amount of effort. As trekkers make their way up the mountain, the temperature drops significantly, and the wind starts to pick up, making it essential to have proper warm clothing.

As the climb continues, the sky starts to change colors, and the stars gradually disappear, leaving behind an alluring darkness. The only source of light at this hour is the moon and the headlamps of the trekkers. As the trekkers move closer to the summit, the anticipation of witnessing the sunrise from the top builds up excitement and determination.

The Kilimanjaro sunrise experience

As trekkers reach the Stella Point, located at an altitude of 5,685 meters, they are greeted with a stunning view of the glaciers and the surrounding landscape. From here, it takes about 45 minutes to an hour to reach the summit, Uhuru Peak. The final stretch to the summit is a gradual incline, and as trekkers make their way up, the sun slowly starts to rise.

The view from the summit is simply breathtaking, with the sky turning from dark blue to shades of orange, yellow, and pink. The sun gradually rises behind the clouds, creating a surreal and majestic view. As the sun fully rises, it illuminates the surrounding landscape, making it glow with vibrant colors. This is a moment that cannot be described in words, but can only be experienced and cherished for a lifetime.

Tips for summiting at sunrise

1. Train and prepare your body before attempting the summit.

2. Pack warm clothes and essential hiking equipment.

3. Stay hydrated throughout the climb.

4. Use a headlamp and hiking poles for support.

5. Take breaks when needed and move at a steady pace.

6. Find a good guide or join a group trek for safety.

7. Be mentally prepared for the challenging climb.


Summiting at sunrise at Mount Kilimanjaro is not an easy feat, but the experience is truly rewarding and unforgettable. It requires physical and mental strength, proper preparation, and determination to make it to the top. The breathtaking view of the sunrise from the highest peak in Africa is a must-see for anyone seeking a unique and thrilling adventure. With proper training and preparation, summiting at sunrise can be a life-changing experience and a significant achievement for any trekker. So, pack your bags, prepare yourself, and get ready to witness the most beautiful sunrise from the top of Mount Kilimanjaro.

Is it hard to breathe on Kilimanjaro?

Located in Tanzania, Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest mountain in Africa and the world’s tallest freestanding mountain, towering at 5,895 meters above sea level. It is a popular destination for climbers around the world, attracting approximately 30,000 to 50,000 people annually.

However, many wonder: is it hard to breathe on Kilimanjaro? In this article, we will explore the effects of high altitude on the human body and how it impacts breathing on the iconic Kilimanjaro.

Understanding high altitude

Before we dive into the effects of high altitude on breathing, it is essential to understand what high altitude means. High altitude is defined as any elevation above 2,500 meters (8,200 feet).

As you ascend to higher altitudes, the air becomes thinner and contains less oxygen. This decrease in oxygen availability can lead to various symptoms, including difficulty breathing.

Shortness of breath

One of the most common effects of high altitude on the human body is shortness of breath. As the air becomes thinner at higher altitudes, each breath contains less oxygen.

The body compensates for this by breathing faster and deeper, but it may not be enough to provide an adequate amount of oxygen. This can make one feel out of breath even while engaging in minimal physical activity.

Shortness of breath is a natural response to high altitude and is not typically a cause for concern. However, if it persists or worsens, it could be a sign of altitude sickness, a severe and potentially fatal condition.


The best way to prevent altitude sickness and minimize the effects of high altitude on breathing is through acclimatization. Acclimatization is the process by which the body adapts to the decrease in oxygen availability at higher altitudes. It generally takes 1-3 days for the body to acclimatize, and during this time, climbers are advised to take it slow and not ascend too quickly.

Acclimatization can be aided by staying hydrated, eating a balanced and high-carbohydrate diet, and avoiding alcohol and strenuous physical activity. Some climbers also use medication, such as Diamox, to help with acclimatization.

It is essential to consult with a doctor before taking any medication to ensure safety and effectiveness.

Altitude sickness

Altitude sickness is a severe condition that occurs when the body fails to acclimatize to high altitudes. It can manifest in various forms, such as acute mountain sickness, high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE), and high altitude cerebral edema (HACE). These conditions can be life-threatening, and immediate descent is necessary to treat them.

Symptoms of altitude sickness include severe shortness of breath, extreme fatigue, loss of appetite, and dizziness. It is essential to be aware of these symptoms and to communicate them to your guide or fellow climbers to address them promptly.

Choose a reputable Tour Operator like Climbing Kilimanjaro

To ensure a safe and successful climb on Kilimanjaro, it is crucial to choose a reputable Kilimanjaro tour operator. Our Experienced Kilimanjaro guides and staff can recognize the symptoms of altitude sickness and provide proper care and assistance. They also plan the climb with acclimatization in mind, ensuring the safety and well-being of their climbers.


Is it hard to breathe on Kilimanjaro? The answer is yes, but with proper preparation and acclimatization, it can be manageable. Climbing Kilimanjaro is not a feat to be taken lightly, and it is crucial to be aware of the effects of high altitude on the body. It is recommended to train physically before attempting the climb and to choose a reputable tour company with experienced guides.

Ultimately, reaching the summit of Kilimanjaro is a challenging and rewarding experience, and careful planning and preparation can make all the difference. So, if you are up for an adventure of a lifetime, go ahead and conquer the iconic Kilimanjaro, but remember to take care of yourself and listen to your body along the way. Contact us now to start planning your trek.