Climbing Kilimanjaro Tips

Climbing Kilimanjaro is one of the most rewarding adventures and best opportunities for experiencing the African outdoors. Kilimanjaro is the highest peak in Africa, reaching a peak of 19,341ft/ 5,895 meters above sea level. Scaling the mountain is a challenging but achievable endeavor, provided you come prepared with the proper knowledge and helpful tips and tricks. Here are the most important tips for safely and successfully climbing Kilimanjaro:

Climbing Kilimanjaro-Tips


1. Choose the Right Route

Kilimanjaro has several different climbing routes, each of which has its own advantages and challenges. Do some research to determine which route is the best fit for you and your group, based on your timeframe, budget, physical condition, and experience. Two popular routes are the Lemosho and Machame; both are considered to be more scenic than other options, and provide a chance to acclimate to higher altitudes.

2. Invest in the Right Gear

The kind of gear you bring along has an important impact on your success. Make sure you pack the right gear such as appropriate clothing, hat and gloves, comfortable hiking shoes, a sleeping bag and pad, flashlight and other quality essentials. Also consider purchasing some extras like trekking poles, gaiters, water bottles and purifying tablets, and rain gear. Check out Climbing Kilimanjaro gear recommendation gear you need to climb Kilimanjaro.

3. Prepare Yourself Physically

It is essential to train adequately for this trek. While Kilimanjaro is not an especially technical climb, physical fitness and strength affects how well you will do at higher elevations and how fast you complete the climb. Set aside time before your trip to work on your strength and endurance, and focus on exercises that target the muscles you will be using on the climb.

4. Stay Hydrated

Keeping your body properly hydrated is essential when climbing Kilimanjaro. The climate of Kilimanjaro is very dry, and you will be expending a lot of energy during the trek. Make sure to bring plenty of supplies and the necessary equipment for purifying water. It’s important to drink a lot, even if you don’t feel particularly thirsty.

5. Follow Proper Acclimatization Practices

When climbing Kilimanjaro, it is important to acclimatize yourself properly to the altitude. Gradually ascend over a period of several days and be sure to have enough rest and hydration. Make sure you avoid alcohol as well, as it can exacerbate the symptoms of altitude sickness.

6. Listen to Guides and Parks Authorities

Always listen to the advice of your guides, Park rangers and other local authorities on the mountain. Their knowledge of the conditions on the mountain are invaluable and could help you make important decisions as you climb. Climbing Kilimanjaro Guides will have the most up to date knowledge and information on the terrain and conditions surrounding the mountain and should be your primary source of information.

7. Check and Double Check Your Health

Make sure you are in good enough physical health to make the climb. Have your doctor check your blood pressure, oxygenation, and general health. Be sure to speak with them about the signs, symptoms, and prevention of altitude sickness. Read more about checking your health before the climb 

8. Pack Light

It is important to keep your backpack light.You should have only the essential items in your pack; food, water, clothing and other necessities. Just as importantly, make sure your pack has good padding and hip support. It is important to keep your back and shoulders comfortable while you climb. Read more on how to pack your daypack on Kilimanjaro

9. Set Reasonable Goals

It is important to set realistic goals for your climb. Know your limits and respect what you are capable of. It is important to stay safe and set a reasonable pace. Mental fatigue is as physical fatigue; make sure you plan for and respect rest days.

10. Follow Leave No Trace Ethics

Remember to be mindful of the environment while climbing Kilimanjaro. Protect the local wildlife and vegetation by following Leave No Trace guidelines. This includes cooking safely away from the trails, respecting the wildlife, and packing out all your trash.

11. Have Fun

Be sure to appreciate the magnificence of Kilimanjaro as much as possible while on the trail. Take some time to enjoy the stunning views and take pictures. Most of all, have fun and appreciate this once-in-a-lifetime adventure.

12. Celebrate Your Success

After you make it to the summit, take a moment to appreciate the accomplishment and enjoy the views. Celebrate your success with friends and your guide. And most of all, don’t forget to do a happy dance on top!

Climbing Kilimanjaro is a thrilling and rewarding adventure. With the right knowledge, gear, and preparation, you can make it to the summit safely and successfully. Follow these tips and you’ll be set for success on your adventure to the roof of Africa.

Kibo Peak Kilimanjaro

Are you looking for a unique and thrilling adventure? Then look no further than Kibo Kilimanjaro – Tanzania’s highest mountain. Towering 6,985 meters (22,831 feet) above sea level, this iconic peak is one of the world’s most majestic and alluring natural wonders. Not only is scaling Kibo Kilimanjaro an unforgettable journey, but it’s also the chance to experience some of the most spectacular views in the world.

Kibo Peak Kilimanjaro

Kibo Peak Location

Kibo Kilimanjaro is situated in the north of Tanzania within the Kilimanjaro National Park. It is revered as one of the seven summits, and has its own unique ecosystem, consisting of five distinct ecological zones. The incredible alpine flora and fauna is a sight to behold, and hikers will be able to spot a variety of wildlife species such as leopard, hyrax, and serval cats along the way.

How long does it take to Summit Kibo Peak?

The journey up Kibo Kilimanjaro is an endurance activity, but one that can be completed within five to nine days depending on your fitness level. It’s vital to take sufficient time to acclimatize to the altitude and to prepare your body for the journey ahead, so it’s recommended that you take at least seven days for the trip. A successful ascent requires thorough planning and ample fuel and supplies to get you through the long days of hiking.

The rewards for the journey are well worth it. Reaching the summit of Kibo Kilimanjaro is one of the most life-altering moments you can achieve, and the views along the way are unbeatable. The summit itself is a large, shallow crater, offering the opportunity to witness spectacular sunrise and sunset views. Whether it’s a trekking route on the mountain itself or an observation platform, Kibo Kilimanjaro will make any adventurers trip to Tanzania one they will never forget.

So, if you feel like your next adventure should take you to new heights, it’s time to head to Tanzania and summit Kibo Kilimanjaro. With breathtaking views and a never-ending sense of accomplishment, this is a trip you will remember forever.


From Kilimanjaro National Park‘s lush green rainforest to its crystal clear nights spent looking up at the stars, Kibo Kilimanjaro is a journey you’ll never forget. The views from the top are second to none, and the journey is an exhausting endurance test of both physical and mental stamina. But when you peak over the crater’s ridge and look out at the horizon, the sense of accomplishment you’ll feel will be unparalleled. So, if you’re ready to embark on an adventure unlike any other, then Kibo Kilimanjaro is waiting for you and Climbing Kilimanjaro Company will organise you a memorable trek.

Barafu Campsite Kilimanjaro:

Located at an elevation of 4,673m (15,330 ft) on Mount Kilimanjaro, Barafu Hut Campsite, also known as Barafu Camp, is a climber’s delight and an ideal location for summiting the highest mountain in Africa. Strategically situated on top of a ridge at the southeastern base of the mountain’s Kibo volcanic cone, Barafu hut offers hikers an ideal resting point before their final push to the summit.

barafu camp Kilimanjaro

Experience the Rugged Atmosphere of Barafu Camp

Barafu Camp is an overnight resting point that lacks basic structures, save for a ranger’s hut and a few dry toilets in the form of pit latrines. As the campsite is often packed with high traffic, it is hard to find a good spot for pitching tents due to the presence of huge rocks and numerous toilets.

Due to the high elevation, with temperatures ranging from 4 degrees Celsius to -20 degrees Celsius near the summit, hikers need to carry thick sleeping bags with a minimum rating of -10 degrees Celsius (14 Fahrenheit). It is best to opt for down sleeping bags for the ascent as the area experiences freezing temperatures and low humidity.

What to Expect from Barafu Hut Camp

As the area has sparse vegetation and a lack of water, the campsite has no flora or fauna. In order to survive, hikers need to carry their own supplies and enough water for cooking or drinking. Fortunately, porters often carry additional water to service the camp.

Though the ground is rocky and full of volcanic soils and scree, the scenery is breathtaking, and the mountaineers will find it worth the effort. In addition to enjoying the stellar view, you will be in for an extraordinary experience as it takes 6-7 hours to reach the summit, Uhuru Peak (19,341ft or 5,895m), from Barafu.

Take in the Splendour of Mount Kilimanjaro with Barafu Hut Camp

Barafu Hut Camp is the last campsite before summiting the highest mountain in Africa. Those on the path to the top of the peak will find this resting point ideal for an overnight stay as the cold and the altitude will render them completely exhausted for the final push to the summit. As soon as you leave Barafu camp, the hike is completed in a few hours and you can reach the summit by early morning, just in time for an amazing sunrise. Set your eyes on what is set to be one of the greatest adventures of your life.

Lava Tower Camp, Kilimanjaro

For adventurous mountain climbers determined to conquer the summit of Mount Kilimanjaro, the Lava Tower Camp is a mandatory stop. Located at an altitude of 4,600m above sea level, this campsite in the alpine zone is the preferred accommodation for climbers following different routes.

What is Lava Tower?

Lava Tower is an ancient formation that is believed to be the result of a volcanic vent. It appears to have occurred when molten lava emerged from a vent in the ground and then cooled and hardened, eventually blocking up the vent and leaving behind a steep, tower-like structure.

Climbing Kilimanjaro: Lava Tower Camp as a Pitstop

Due to its situated altitude, the Lava Tower Camp is an ideal spot to stop and rest as climbers using the Machame and Shira Routes take the necessary steps to prevent any risks related to altitude sickness. Here, trekkers can also take some time to appreciate the breathtaking views of the lava tower and its surrounding area.

What Activities are Available at Lava Tower Camp?

The campsite’s location has been made to blend in as best as possible with the natural beauty of the mountain. This means that there is no significant structure here apart from the toilets in the form of pit latrines inside a wooden shack.

Climbers visiting the Lava Tower camp can take advantage of its incredible location to practice several activities. Along with camping and trekking, visitors can enjoy sightseeing, rock climbing, picnics, and take pictures of the stunning panoramic views from the tower.

Best Time to Visit the Lava Tower Camp

The best time to plan a visit to this campsite is during the warm and dry seasons in the region, which run from July to February, coinciding with the best times of year to climb the mountain.

Location of the Lava Tower Camp

The Lava Tower Camp is located next to the iconic Lava Tower of Mount Kilimanjaro, following the Northern circuit route, the Shira route, the Lemosho route, or the Machame route. It is roughly two hours away from the Arrow glacier, the camp that sits at the foot of the tallest peak on Kilimanjaro, the Kibo summit.

Lava Tower Camp Map

Below is the location of Lava Tower Camp on a Map

Vegetation and Climate: An Alpine Desert

When it comes to the vegetation surrounding the camp, the term ‘alpine desert’ best describes the barren volcanic grounds, rocks and scree that make up the scenery. The area is usually dry without significant rainfall or snowfall, however, the nights often create ice piles on the lava tower from the moisture condensation. Winds tend to be stronger due to the open spaces around the camp and the effects of the altitude.


For hikers ready to put themselves to the test and face the highest mountain in Africa, the lava Tower Camp offers the perfect pitstop. Not only does the camp provide relief from the effects of altitude sickness, but it also allows hikers to enjoy the activities the area has to offer. With the best times of the year to visit stretching from July to February, this campsite is a must-visit for climbers of all levels of experience.

Kilimanjaro Crater Camp

Kilimanjaro is renowned for its beauty and a night spent in Crater Camp, the highest campsite on the mountain, is one of those experiences that is more likely to stay with adventurers forever. Crater Camp is located within the depression at the top of Kilimanjaro’s highest volcanic cone, at 5,750 meters (18,865 ft) above sea level, where trekkers can enjoy a special and unique experience.

Kilimanjaro Crater Camp

What Makes Crater Camp Special

Crater Camp is an exceptional way to enjoy Kilimanjaro’s grandeur, as temperatures can be quite pleasant in the daytime, enabling climbers to explore the crater at their leisure. Those visiting Kibo Crater are treated to sights that are not experienced by many, such as Furtwangler Glacier, the Northern Ice Field, and the steep sides of the Ash Pit. In addition, the following morning brings the opportunity for a delightful and one of kind sunrise from the crater rim.

Kilimanjaro Ice Fields and Glaciers

Though snow above the campsite comes and goes with seasons, the ice fields and glaciers exist year round, enduring the bitter cold and fierce winds of the mountain. Unfortunately, these iconic features have shrunk in size by roughly 80% between 1912 and now.

While all Kilimanjaro climbers get amazing views of the Southern Ice Field, those staying at Crater Camp get to witness up close the Northern Ice Field and Furtwangler Glacier, a landmark that is beautiful with its icy blue and white patterning.

Hiking to Reusch Crater and the Ash Pit

The Ash Pit refers to the mountain’s vent in Reusch Crater, a powerful sight that speaks to Kilimanjaro’s volcanic history. Confident climbers can undertake a two to three-hour round trip to the Ash Pit for unparalleled views and exceptional photo opportunities.

Ensuring the Proper Experience for Crater Camp

The obvious health risks associated with spending a night in such a desolate and high-altitude environment cannot be overstated. Cold temperatures at night can easily drop below -10°C (14°F), and even as low as -20°C (-4°F), while the effects of altitude can include dizziness, nausea, headaches, and difficulty breathing. Those staying at Crater Camp often have difficulty sleeping and suffer from severe headaches.

Therefore, we recommend that clients climbing Kilimanjaro who wish to stay at Crater Camp have previous experience trekking and sleeping at high altitude. Those already living at high altitude also have an advantage. Finally, it is important to choose an ascent route that promotes good acclimatisation in order to have the best experience at Crater Camp.

For the brave adventurers who intend to spend a night in Crater Camp, they will be rewarded with an extraordinary experience and rare views unlike any other.


Kilimanjaro Crater Map

Below is the location of Kilimanjaro Crater Map on a Map


Crater Camp on Kilimanjaro is an exciting addition for those seeking an adventure. It may not be for every Kilimanjaro climber but for those up for a challenge, it is an unforgettably beautiful experience with incredible views. There is a certain risk involved as the cold nights and effects of altitude can be harsh but the magical atmosphere and opportunity to explore the unique geological features make it a worthwhile decision for some.

Machame Gate: Elevation of 1,800 Meters

The Machame Gate is one of the five gates in the Mount Kilimanjaro National Park to enter to climb it. It is located on the south side of the mountain, and is a popular route for those looking to explore and ascend the mountain. Here, travelers are expected to register their climb with the authorities, provide proof of their journey’s resources such as porters, tents, and food, and pay entry fees before commencing.

The Machame Gate sits on the border of the Montane forest, with a plentiful supply of rainfall throughout the year. After registering, the trekkers are lead to the Machame Hut, located 11 kilometers away, which is usually completed in 5-7 hours.

The Machame Route is an ideal choice for trekkers who wish to personally summit Mount Kilimanjaro. While the total distance of the hike is about 62 kilometers, it usually takes climbers an average of 6-7 days to complete. Those willing to tackle the Machame Route will find all the necessary accommodations in Moshi, the nearest town, located 32 kilometers from the Machame Gate.

In conclusion, the Machame Gate serves as the starting point to experience one of the most exceptional treks in the world. All eager climbers must be aware of the registration and inspection procedures in order to make the most of this incredible journey.


Machame Gate Kilimanjaro map

Below is the location of Machame Gate on a Map

“Machame Camp Hut: Elevation of 2,835 Meters

Nestled beneath the Southwestern side of Mount Kilimanjaro, Machame Camp, also known as the Machame Hut Campsite, is located on one of the oldest routes of the mountain – the Machame Route. It is situated at an elevation of 2,835 meters and is the most popular overnight camping spot for climbers before they summit the mountain.

Originally, this area was known for its metallic hut belonging to the Rangers which is where it got its name. However, today there is no trace of this structure on this campsite, and visitors are required to bring their own tents. Toilets of both the pit latrine and Water Closet (W.C) variety are the only other facilities available.

Machame Camp Hut Vegetation

The vegetative surrounding is primarily montane forest, and while big game wildlife cannot be spotted on Machame Camp, this zone does experience a good amount of rainfall due to its low-altitude location in contrast to its windy neighbor, Shira 2 Camp.

Shira Camp is the next destination on the Machame Route and is situated at an elevation of 3,850 meters. The total hiking distance between these two campsites is 5km (3 miles), and a duration of 4 to 6 hours is required for the journey. Climbers are advised to embark early on the hike so as to give them enough time to acclimatize to the altitude.”


Machame Camp Hut Kilimanjaro map

Below is the location of Machame Camp Hut on a Map

Exploring Mawenzi Peak : Mount Kilimanjaro’s High-Altitude Peak

Mawenzi Peak is Mount Kilimanjaro’s second highest summit after Kibo Peak. Standing at an impressive 5,149 meters (16,893 ft.), it is the third-highest peak in Africa after Kibo Peak and Mount Kenya. Despite its height, Mawenzi can be a difficult peak to summit due to its sheer slopes and loose rocks. Experienced climbers and specialized equipment are necessary to access the peak.

Mawenzi Peak Kilimanjaro

Before its height was confirmed, many thought Ruwenzori, situated on the border of Uganda and the Congo DRC, was the third-highest peak in the continent.

What is the Main Summit of Mawenzi?

The main summit of Mawenzi is Point Hans Meyer, standing at 5,149 meters (16,893 ft.). It is named after German geologist Hans Meyer, who was the first to reach the peak on July 29, 1912. There is also a resting point on Kilimanjanro, called Hans Meyer Cave, named after him.

Can You Climb the Peak of Mawenzi?

Climbing Mawenzi is possible, though it is still incredibly dangerous. The Kilimanjaro National Park authorities are still mapping out a safer route but it is near impossible to find tour operators that offer services to climb the peak. If you are determined to take on the challenge, you must apply for a permit at least one month in advance, listing all the necessary technical mountaineering equipment in the application.

What is the Best Time to Climb Mawenzi?

The warm and dry months of January to March, and June to October are the ideal times to summit the peak. To avoid the rainy seasons, climbers should avoid the periods of March to May and November to early January.

How to Get to Mawenzi:

The two main routes to Mawenzi are the Marangu or Rongai routes, passing through the Marangu Gate, Mandara Huts and Horombo Huts and the Mawenzi Hut. The start point is the town of Moshi. The nearest airports are Kilimanjaro International Airport (between Moshi and Arusha), Jomo Kenyatta International Airport in Nairobi (Kenya) and Julius Nyerere International Airport in Dar Es Salam (Tanzania).

Mawenzi Peak Kilimanjaro map

Below is the location of Mawenzi Peak on a Map

How to Climb the Mawenzi Peak:

The approach to Mawenzi is more challenging since the terrain is extremely steep and often icy. Reaching the peak of Hans Meyer (5,149 m) requires 400 meters of climbing rating at II* 5 hours and takes the Oehler Couloir route via the North-West Corrievariant.

What are the Dangers of Mount Kilimanjaro’s Mawenzi?

Although Mawenzi is now open, extreme caution must be taken when climbing. The peak has claimed fatalities in the past, and there is still the risk of melting snow and rock collapse. Experienced and skilled mountaineers are required to attempt the summit, with imported mountaineering equipment necessary for the climb.

Conclusion About Mawenzi Peak

Those looking for a vista of unparalleled views and unique topography can climb the National Park’s Mawenzi Peak, the third-highest peak in Africa. Though it still requires specialized mountain equipment and a great deal of experience, the peak is now open – though lacing caution is advised.

Moshi Travel Guide



Moshi, a city located in the northern region of Tanzania, is an exceptional destination to visit. Its unique combination of urban and rural landscapes makes it a peaceful and enjoyable place to explore and discover. From the majestic Mount Kilimanjaro to the friendly and welcoming locals, there is no shortage of adventures, activities, and sites to explore!

Moshi Attractions Guide:

Mount Kilimanjaro – The highest mountain in Africa and one of the Seven Summits,Mount Kilimanjaro can be seen from practically everywhere in Moshi and makes for a spectacular backdrop. For the more adventurous, it is possible to climb Kilimanjaro too!

Materuni Waterfall – Located near the small village of Materuni on the outskirts of Moshi, Materuni Waterfall is the perfect place to cool off and have a picnic. The walk to the waterfall is enjoyable for all, and you can find nearby villages and explore, too.

Global Visions School – The Global Visions School is a private school in Moshi that offers a wide range of educational services to local and international students. The school provides educational support and opportunities for students, as well as volunteer programs for those looking to give back.

Arusha National Park – Located near Moshi, the Arusha National Park is home to various wildlife and landscapes from volcanic peaks, to the Momela Lakes, and the Ngurdoto Crater. A safari through the park is a great way to explore the beautiful Tanzanian environment.

Things to Do in Moshi:

Coffee Tours – Moshi is known for its rich coffee culture and some of the best coffee in the world! There are a variety of local coffee tours to take, which help support the local producers and involve learning more about the coffee-making process, from growing the beans to planting the coffee tree.

Shopping – Moshi’s markets offer a wide variety of locally-made products that are perfect for souvenirs. From the colorful fabrics to the wooden carvings, it is easy to find a unique and meaningful gift for friends and family.

Hiking – With its impressive Mount Kilimanjaro, Moshi offers a plethora of hiking trails and scenic routes, making it a great place for hikers of all levels! There are some trails which are more challenging than others, requiring some experience and technical skills.

Why Visit Moshi

Moshi is an incredible destination, perfect for travelers looking for an unforgettable experience. Surrounded by lush mountains and vegetation, it is the ideal place for those looking to relax and explore the natural beauty of Tanzania. Whether you’re looking for adventure or just wanting to enjoy the peaceful atmosphere, Moshi has something for everyone.

Best Time to Visit Moshi Town:

The best time to visit Moshi is from February to April or September to October. During this time, the weather is drier and cooler making it the perfect time to explore Moshi’s enchanting natural wonders. Of course, if you prefer cooler weather, a trip during the winter season is also a great option.

Is K2 the same as Kilimanjaro?

No, they aren’t. K2 which is on the border of Pakistan and China and Kilimanjaro in Tanzania are two vastly different mountains. Sure, they are both thousands of meters tall, but when it comes to climbing difficulty, preparation requirements, and topography, they don’t have a whole lot in common.

Because the two mountains share the letter K, many people mistake them for being the same. So, let’s take a closer look at K2 and Kilimanjaro and talk about their differences so that you always remember which one is which, shall we?

Where K2 and Kilimanjaro Located?

Not only are these two mountains not the same, but they’re located on separate continents! K2 is a part of the Karakoram Mountain Range, which sits on the border of Pakistan and China–a majority of the mountain is on the Pakistan side. Kilimanjaro, on the other hand, is located in Tanzania, an African country, right next to the border of Kenya.

The topography around K2 is much more mountainous and dramatic than the landscapes near Kilimanjaro. In fact, the land surrounding Kilimanjaro is relatively flat, and the closest mountain to it, Mount Meru, is around 70 kilometers away.

Is K2 or Kilimanjaro Higher?

K2 has an elevation of 8,611 meters (28,251 feet), whereas Kilimanjaro’s peak elevation is a few thousand meters shorter at 5,895 meters (19,340 feet). The only mountain with a higher elevation than K2 is Mount Everest, which stands just a few dozen meters higher. However, if you measure from the Earth’s core to the peak, Kilimanjaro is actually the sixth tallest mountain in the world, above K2 and Mount Everest.

Due to K2’s extreme elevation, reaching the summit can take around two months–a long time, right? That’s because your body has to slowly acclimate to the altitude levels. Over in Africa, Kilimanjaro can be completed in about seven to nine days since the oxygen levels are more manageable.

Which Mountain Is More Dangerous K2 or Kilimanjaro?

When it comes to danger levels, K2 is by far the more threatening mountain. Why? Well, any elevation above 8,000 meters (26,247 feet) is referred to as the death zone. At these altitudes, human life can’t be sustained for long periods of time due to low air pressure and lack of oxygen. Climbers have to be extremely time conscious when entering the death zone or rely on oxygen tanks. Either way, one delay caused by an injury or unexpected storm can turn into a life-or-death situation.

Additionally, K2 requires technical ice-climbing that takes years of training to master. Even the best climbers in the world struggle with the mountain’s extreme conditions. Kilimanjaro, however, requires zero technical climbing, and its summit can be reached by uphill walking.

Book A Hike Up Kilimanjaro!

Only a select group of elite climbers will ever dream of attempting K2, but that’s not the case with Kilimanjaro! Anyone over the age of 10 who is up for an adventure is more than welcome to hike to the top of the African mountain. Choosing the right tour guide is crucial for your safety and overall experience. That’s why at Climbing Kilimanjaro, our professional guides go above and beyond to monitor each person in the group and create an experience you’ll never forget