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What Vaccinations,Medications and Immunizations Will I Need?

Vaccines and Medications

The Center for Disease Control recommends that all visitors to Tanzania are up to date on their routine vaccinations prior to arrival, including MMR (mumps-measles-rubella), diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine, varicella (chickenpox) vaccine, polio vaccine, and their yearly flu shot.

Additionally, it is recommended the travelers get vaccinated for both hepatitis A and typhoid, as it is not uncommon to be exposed to either of those conditions while traveling in Africa. A certificate confirming a yellow fever vaccination is also required for all visitors entering Tanzania from countries where that disease is common as well. Travelers may also want to consider getting inoculated against cholera and hepatitis B prior to arriving too.

As with most of Africa, malaria is always a concern when traveling through Tanzania. The disease is not found above 1800 meters (5906 ft), which means that while on Kilimanjaro travelers will be relatively safe. However, the trek begins and ends below that altitude, so caution should be taken to avoid contracting this potentially life-threatening illness. It is recommended that you consult your doctor before your trip to obtain prescription medication approved to fight off malaria.

Tips for Staying Healthy in Tanzania

In addition to having the proper vaccinations and medications, here are a few other tips to help you stay healthy while traveling through Tanzania.

  • Drink bottled or treated water only. Many travelers get sick after drinking contaminated water, which can leave them dehydrated, nauseas, and weak. Avoid ice as it could be made from contaminated water too.
  • Eat foods that you are sure are safe. Packaged items or food from trusted sources are best. Don’t wash fruits and vegetables in potentially contaminated water, and avoid street vendors.
  • Wash your hands regularly using soap or use hand sanitizer to help ward off germs.
  • Take all medications – especially malaria pills – on schedule and as instructed by your doctor.
  • Don’t take malaria pills on an empty stomach as they can make you sick.
  • Protect yourself against mosquito and other insect bites, treat those bites quickly
  • Wear long sleeved shirts and pants while outdoors and use DEET-based insect repellant.
  • Avoid touching animals, including dogs, cats, and monkeys. If bitten they could cause a variety of infections, including rabies.

 

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