Vaccines and Medications
The Center for Disease Control recommends that all visitors to Tanzania are up to date on their routine vaccinations prior to arrival, including MMR (mumps-measles-rubella), diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine, varicella (chickenpox) vaccine, polio vaccine, and their yearly flu shot.
Additionally, it is recommended the travelers get vaccinated for both hepatitis A and typhoid, as it is not uncommon to be exposed to either of those conditions while traveling in Africa. A certificate confirming a yellow fever vaccination is also required for all visitors entering Tanzania from countries where that disease is common as well. Travelers may also want to consider getting inoculated against cholera and hepatitis B prior to arriving too.
As with most of Africa, malaria is always a concern when traveling through Tanzania. The disease is not found above 1800 meters (5906 ft), which means that while on Kilimanjaro travelers will be relatively safe. However, the trek begins and ends below that altitude, so caution should be taken to avoid contracting this potentially life-threatening illness. It is recommended that you consult your doctor before your trip to obtain prescription medication approved to fight off malaria.
Tips for Staying Healthy in Tanzania
In addition to having the proper vaccinations and medications, here are a few other tips to help you stay healthy while traveling through Tanzania.